With COVID-19 being one of the most prolific viruses in the world right now and a great push by countries around the world to have their citizens vaccinated, it’s become mandatory for many travellers to have their vaccinations cards at the ready when entering a new country. But COVID isn’t the only disease that’s worth getting the shot for, and depending on where the traveller is going, it might be worth getting a few other vaccinations done.
To those that intend to travel to third world countries, such as those in Africa, some vaccinations are required in order to both enter and leave, so here we will look at some of the recommended vaccinations that all adventure travellers should consider getting.
The majority of Yellow Fever cases occur in Africa and South America and the diseases is transmitted through contact with mosquitoes. Many countries will require that a traveller have the vaccine before entering the border, and in general they will need to get the vaccine administered around 10 days before they plan to arrive. Even with vaccination, it’s a good idea to try and avoid areas that have many mosquitoes, as they can carry a number of other diseases that can affect a person’s health in the long-term.
Another mosquito-borne virus, but one that tends to be much deadlier than Yellow Fever, and once a person has contracted it, they have it for the rest of their lives. Malaria is mostly found within central and southern Africa, but it can also be found in Latin America, the Caribbean, South and East Asia, the Middle Easy, and even some parts of Europe. The diseases is transmitted through the saliva of female, blood-sucking mosquitoes but thankfully it can be vaccinated against, and is often mandatory for travellers.
Rabies is considered to be one of the deadliest viruses in the world, partly because it’s easy to transmit, and partly because once the symptoms have started, the disease is virtually 100% fatal. 95% of global cases are transmitted through stray dog bites, and about a third of all cases are recorded within the country of India.
The vaccine for rabies need to be administered at least 21 days before arrival, and it can take up to three shots in total before the vaccine becomes effective, so it’s a good idea to sit put and enjoy the latest online slots in Pakistan until the vaccination is complete. Regardless of their vaccine status, it’s a good idea to always try and avoid any stray animals, even if they are acting friendly, as often they can bite unexpectedly at the first sign of any provocation.
Cholera is a food and water-born disease that is based mostly within Africa, especially in poorer countries. One of the best ways of avoiding cholera is by washing hands as much as possible, but also by not eating any dirty water or eating unsafe food. The vaccination for cholera is best administered around 10 days before entering the destination country, but it’s worth putting in the money and time to get it down.